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Rapid rural appraisal (RRA) is a repertoire of informal techniques used to collect and analyze data about local situations and people. The findings are shared with the community and usually result in community actions or changes. Developed in the 1970s and 1980s to counter problems associated with outsiders conducting inquiries in developing economies, the approach draws on various inquiry methods, including some from anthropology.

To help ensure that findings are valid, RRA relies upon triangulation: cross-checking information by talking to different stakeholders, using different methods (interviews, diagrams, and observations), and having a multidisciplinary team (men and women, insiders and outsiders).

Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) evolved from RRA. PRA emphasizes local knowledge and enables local people to make their own appraisal of a situation. RRA and PRA ...

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