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All evaluation is conducted from a particular point of view, although this point of view is frequently implicit and often unacknowledged. Nonetheless, the particular point of view from which an evaluation is conducted suggests the forms of reasoning and criteria that will be relevant for a particular evaluation. Examples of points of view are aesthetic, economic, historical, mathematical, political, religious, and scientific. Within any point of view there are numerous value systems. Thus, for example, within a religious point of view there are value systems that might be described by major religions such as Buddhist, Christian, Moslem, and so on. These many value systems within a particular point of view are often contradictory to one another. A point of view is, therefore, cross-cultural, although value ...

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