Phenomenography is an approach to qualitative inquiry that focuses on human experience. It is associated most often with the work of Swedish educational psychologist Ference Marton. Although it is often considered a method, Marton focuses more on the object of inquiry. He is interested in conceptions and ways of understanding and experiencing the physical and social world. Phenomenography examines how different ways of conceptualizing or experiencing something evolve, but it also has a normative or pedagogical aspect: It examines how different ways of conceptualizing and experiencing something can be brought about.


Further Reading

Marton, F.Phenomenography: Describing conceptions of the world around usInstructional Science(1981)10177–200
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