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Lyndon B. Johnson called on the federal government to create a “great society” in America. That phrase has since become synonymous with the domestic record of the two Democratic administrations of the 1960s, and the programs of the Great Society constituted the most important expansion of the American state since the New Deal. New legislation addressed civil rights, voting rights, and discrimination in housing and established the Medicare and Medicaid programs. For the first time, federal aid was provided for elementary, secondary, and higher education. The Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Transportation were created, and the National Endowments for the Humanities and the Arts and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting were established. Federal housing subsidies were dramatically expanded, and environmental ...

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