Document analysis is required to inform all types of evaluation. However, even though document analysis is a common task, only a meager amount of literature has been written about this form of data collection in relation to evaluation.
The analysis of documents is useful to evaluators for a number of reasons:
- Analysis allows the gathering of new facts about a program, to understand why a program is the way it is.
- It is useful for determining the purpose or rationale of a program.
- It may help in determining the major stakeholders involved.
- It can assist in determining the history and other retrospective information about a program (and this may be the only way that such information is available).
- It can help the evaluator to see what data still need to be ...