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Document analysis is required to inform all types of evaluation. However, even though document analysis is a common task, only a meager amount of literature has been written about this form of data collection in relation to evaluation.

The analysis of documents is useful to evaluators for a number of reasons:

  • Analysis allows the gathering of new facts about a program, to understand why a program is the way it is.
  • It is useful for determining the purpose or rationale of a program.
  • It may help in determining the major stakeholders involved.
  • It can assist in determining the history and other retrospective information about a program (and this may be the only way that such information is available).
  • It can help the evaluator to see what data still need to be ...
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