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An analysis that examines themes, similarities, and differences across cases is referred to as a cross-case analysis. Cross-case analysis is used when the unit of analysis is a case, which is any bounded unit, such as an individual, group, artifact, place, organization, or interaction. Cross-case analysis is often the second level of analysis associated with a case study approach. This type of analysis is used in quantitative, statistical analysis, such as in hierarchical modeling, and in qualitative analysis, such as in the constant comparative method of Glaser and Strauss' grounded theory approach. A cross-case analysis is both a way of aggregating across cases and the means for making generalizations. In evaluation, the focus of a cross-case analysis is often particular common outcomes for a number ...

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