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Warranties are promises or guarantees made by a seller or lessor about the characteristics or quality of property, goods, or services, on which the purchaser or lessee relies. Warranties are either “express” (i.e., explicit oral or written representations about the quality or identity of the item) or “implied” (i.e., inferred into the contract in accordance with legal requirements). Statements of general opinion or clearly exaggerated claims (called puffery) are not considered warranties. In the event that a warranty is breached, the law usually provides the injured party with the right to monetary damages, repair of the original good, or replacement with substitute goods.

The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), with its warranty provisions for the sale and lease of goods contained in Articles 2 and 2A, respectively, ...

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