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Job stress is a harmful physical or emotional response employees experience when they have expectations that they cannot fulfill because of their capabilities, resources, or needs. Stemming from stressors in the workplace, such as time pressure and role overload, job stress may result in harmful consequences for both individuals and organizations. Outcomes of job stress may be physiological, psychological, or influence an individual's behavior at work. For example, an individual's health may be affected, burnout may occur, and productivity levels may also suffer as a result of job stress.

Early signs of job stress include headache and stomachache, difficulty sleeping and concentrating, short temper, and low morale. Research also suggests links between job stress and cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disorders, and psychological disorders. Stress in the workplace ...

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