• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOS)

Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are nonprofit organizations that either deliver public services or advocate public policy, or both. Some observers also refer to them as civil society groups or third sector groups, as distinguished from the for-profit business sector and from government. They are also to be distinguished from intergovernmental organizations, such as the United Nations and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

NGOs include a wide range of organizations—relief, humanitarian, development aid, and sustainable development—but the term more commonly refers to advocacy groups. The forerunner to the emergence of NGOs on the global scene was the rise of citizen groups and citizen activism within the United States. The proliferation of such groups occurred during the 1960s and 1970s and coincided with the rise of ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles