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Immigration is the movement of individuals who are citizens of one country to residency within another country. The gamut of reaction from host countries runs all the way from a xenophobic refusal to accept immigrants (e.g., China and Japan) to being a country that makes immigrants part of its national identity (e.g., the United States). For historical, demographic, and economic reasons, the Western Hemisphere and Anglophone countries (the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand) have a long tradition of immigration. The economic growth that accompanied the formation of the European Union (EU) has led to the influx of eastern Europeans and Muslims to western European countries such as Germany and even to Sweden. These countries are now beginning to experience some of the same ...

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