The word anthropocentrism comes from the Greek α´∊θρωπoς, anthropos, meaning “human,” and κ∊´υτρoυ, kentron, meaning “of the center.” In practice, anthropocentrism is generally understood as the view that human beings are the central fact on earth.

One ancient and influential text expressing anthropocentrism is in the description of the creation of the human being, in Chapter 1 of Genesis at the beginning of the Bible. This text, in accordance with the most common interpretation, reveals that men and women have an inherent dignity, since they are in the image of God, and superiority over all other creatures on Earth. This superiority is also expressed in several other places in the Bible. However, in the Bible, the human domination on Earth is not absolute but relative to ...

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