This entry describes and explains the body of legislation and public policy known as equal employment opportunity (EEO). To best understand this complex and multifaceted set of issues, four main topics will be discussed: (1) definition of EEO, (2) the rationale and history behind EEO, (3) EEO and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), and (4) EEO problems.

EEO Defined

EEO is employment practice that doesn't discriminate against applicants because of race, age, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 proposed by John F. Kennedy (who was assassinated before he could see it passed) helped establish EEO. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made racial discrimination in public places illegal, and it established the infrastructure and platform for EEO. Executive Order ...

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