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Collusion is an agreement between two or more persons to deprive another person of his or her legal rights or to obtain a benefit forbidden by law. In addition to persons, collusion may involve companies, associations, or countries. Collusion implies the existence of fraud or the use of unlawful means to accomplish an unlawful objective. Collusion implies also secrecy and deception on the part of parties who have obtained a mutual benefit in the form of profit or control and, in the process, have intentionally violated established laws or rules.

Because collusion involves intent to deceive for an unlawful purpose, it differs from cooperation and collaboration. Cooperation and collaboration provide an assumed mutual benefit but they do not involve violation of law or rules. Society and ...

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