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United Nations Children'S Fund

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations program focused on the rights of children. UNICEF is headquartered in New York City and is primarily funded by governments and charitable donations.

History

Originally dubbed the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, UNICEF was founded in December 1945 to provide food, clothing, and health care to impoverished children in Europe after World War II. In 1950, UNICEF's mandate was expanded to address the needs of children and women in all developing countries, becoming a permanent program of the United Nations in 1953. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965. In 1989, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child, a set of standards ensuring human rights ...

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