Mercury, also known as quicksilver, has been known since ancient times and is represented in the periodic table by the symbol “Hg,” which stands for hydrargyrus, or liquid silver, in Latin. It is a silvery transitional metal that is liquid at or near standard room temperature. Mercury has many uses, both in homes and in industry, and it has also been used as a medicine, although it has been acknowledged as being toxic to humans.

Mercury exists predominantly in three forms: elemental, inorganic, and organic. Methylmercury is the most important organic form of mercury in terms of human health effects. It has a high affinity for the brain, particularly the posterior cortex. It is neurotoxic (damaging to the nervous system), toxic to the developing fetus, ...

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