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Malnutrition, Measurement of

Malnutrition is a serious global issue, affecting more than 2 billion people worldwide. The problem has two principal constituents—protein-energy malnutrition and deficiencies in micronutrients—and affects women and young children in particular. Malnutrition is the most important risk factor for illness and death in developing countries. Of the many factors that may cause malnutrition, most are related to poor intake of food or to severe or frequent infection, especially in underprivileged populations. Because malnutrition and social factors are closely linked, the nutritional status of a population is a good indicator of the quality of life in a community.

Assessment of Nutritional Status

Nutritional status can be measured at the individual or population level. Population-based assessments are typically performed to measure the extent of malnutrition in a community, identify ...

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