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Schumacher, E.F. (1911–77)

Ernst friedrich schumacher is best known for his book Small is Beautiful, which argued for social and environmental sustainability as a radical critique of mass industrialization, the culture of consumerism, and the logic of globalization. Upon its release, Schumacher became an instant celebrity and a sort of guru of the burgeoning global environmental movement, which embraced his vision of human-scaled development, social decentralization, and the deployment of intermediate and appropriate technologies as alternatives to the destructive aspects of modern life.

Moving beyond orthodox economic thought, Schumacher outlines a “Buddhist economics” that rationally utilizes local resources for local needs and seeks dignified, meaningful, and creative work in the name of human development. Schumacher's later writings highlight the role that religion and spirituality play in fostering a more ...

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