Pakistan is a low income country in the northwest of the economically poor region of South Asia. For about 200 years prior to 1947 all of South Asia was either directly or indirectly under British colonial rule. When the colonial rule ended in 1947, the British partitioned their possessions in the subcontinent into the two sovereign states of India and Pakistan along religious lines. The modern state of India was predominantly Hindu, while Pakistan was predominantly Muslim. Pakistan has four federating units, Sindh, Punjab, North Western Frontier Province (NWFP) and Balochistan. Pakistan also holds a third of the disputed mountainous region of Kashmir. From the very outset, Pakistan has faced a range of environmental and resource based challenges including, water resources management, environmental hazards (primarily ...

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