The relationship between the environment and migration is most often addressed through two major issues: the ways in which environmental change relates to decisions to move, and the ways in which migrants either leaving or arriving in a particular place affect the environment. Recent literature addressing both of these issues, while building upon long-standing debates on migration and the relationship between population and the environment, now focuses on case-specific understandings of the local social relations that give the environment and natural resources value and meaning in particular places.

Maximalist versus Minimalist

Historically, the study of the relationship between the environment and the decision to migrate has taken shape through debates about the definition and legal standing of environmental migrants and environmental refugees. The debate about what constitutes ...

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