Mexico is a nation-state made up of 31 states and one federal district lying in the Western Hemisphere, south of the United States, north of Belize and Guatemala, and surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea on the east and the Pacific Ocean on the west. As of 2005, Mexico had a population of 107,000,000 and experienced a 1.16 percent growth rate. Climatic, geological, and locational characteristics provide Mexico with a variety of biomes ranging from alpine paramo vegetation, highland pine forests, inter-montane grasslands, northern deserts and southern tropical wet and dry forests. This habitat diversity reflects the high levels of biological diversity in terms of both flora and fauna. A number of endemic and endangered species have focused worldwide conservation on ...

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