Meat is the edible, fleshy parts of animals used as food. It is an important component of the human diet because it is rich in protein, iron, selenium, and zinc, as well as being a good source of vitamins, notably vitamins B1 to B5. It constitutes a major link between society and environment because environmental resources are necessary to produce it and society is partially sustained by it.

Throughout prehistory and history, meat acquisition, consumption, and trade have contributed to the development of society and been responsible for environmental change as hunting/gathering has given way to organized animal husbandry. In general meat is classified as red, white, or game. Red meat derives from sheep, cattle, and pig while white meat derives from poultry, and game is ...

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