Alandfillis any low area to be filled in for road building or for storing waste. More commonly, a landfill is a waste disposal site designed and constructed to accommodate municipal solid waste and hazardous waste while protecting against environmental and public health hazards.

One of the earliest forms of waste management was reported in 5th century b.c.e. in Greece where individuals were responsible for collecting garbage and transporting it to a dump site. Standard waste practices for centuries included land and water dumping of ashes, rubbish, and garbage, and household organic waste was often consumed by hogs. Such practices drew increased criticism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, generating a new class of waste engineers and sanitarians that looked to a variety of alternatives ...

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