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John f. kennedy (1917–63), a democrat, was the 35th president of the United States. Elected in 1960 and assassinated three years later, Kennedy was succeeded by his vice president, Lyndon B. Johnson. Kennedy was a glamorous and charismatic figure from a large and influential family in Boston, Massachusetts.

Kennedy narrowly won the 1960 presidential race, having defeated the Republican candidate, Richard M. Nixon. Kennedy's 1,000-day presidency was dominated by the threat of the Cold War and Communism. Kennedy was determined to advance the American national interest by combating Communism around the world. This led to an escalation of support for the government of South Vietnam and, ultimately, to the full-scale American war in Vietnam.

Kennedy presided during a period when environmental policy and issues were largely state ...

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