Industrialization is a process that introduces new technologies of production in a region or a country to increase the output of goods. Industrialization is strongly associated with the Industrial Revolution in England in the 19th century, where capital and resources from colonial expansion, technological innovations like steam power, and labor dispossessed from land or access to markets combined to create large-scale factory production. The shift from handmade manufacturing to machine production yields major changes in the societal division of labor in two ways. Increased use of machinery tends to make homogenize the types of labor performed by each worker (deskilling), and alter the gender division of labor by incorporating women into the paid workforce. Industrialization under capitalism affects relations between owners and workers by generating ...

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