Gasoline is an organic compound found in nature that is used to fuel gasoline engines. It is called petrol in Great Britain, or by other names such as benzene in other languages. Throughout the 20th century, the exploration and development of the global oil industry was a quest for oil that was used for refining into gasoline. Prior to about 1900, the primary product made from refined oil was kerosene. It was soon discovered that gasoline was a lower temperature distillate than kerosene—it required less refracting to be extracted. The invention and application of the gasoline engine to automobiles, boats, airplanes, and other machines stimulated the refining of gasoline. Henry Ford's development of the Model T and the assembly line to build them in vast ...

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