Eritrea, located in the Horn of Africa, covers 121,320 square kilometers It shares boundaries with Sudan in the north and west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. Topography is dominated by highlands, descending in the east toward a coastal desert plain, in the northwest to hilly terrain, and in the southwest to undulating plains. Altitude ranges from sea level to approximately 3,000 miles above sea level. The capital is Asmara. Eritrea's climate is categorized into semi-desert, arid, and moist lowlands, sub-humid zones, and arid and moist highlands. The climate is characterized as bimodal. The main rains, from June to September, affect the highlands and western lowlands. Short rains occur from November to March and affect the coastal, eastern, and southern escarpments. Average ...

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