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Environmentalism is a social and political movement emerging in the mid-20th century in various Western countries like Germany, Sweden, and the United States. Environmentalism is not just a mere concept for the defense of the environment; rather, environmentalism argues that the protection of nature is more important than economic matters, industry, corporations, governments, and private interests. In other words, creating new jobs for a future nuclear power plant would be meaningless for environmentalists if it also brought pollution, hazardous waste, and industrial risks to a region. Therefore, environmentalism implies bringing environmental concern into a political sphere.

Environmentalism promotes environmental consciousness and cries for a social change on varied issues such as deforestation, desertification, global warming, greenhouse gases, nuclear hazards, and genetically modified organisms.

Some observers see environmentalism ...

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