As one of the oldest civilizations in the world, the Arab Republic of Egypt has a long and rich history. Throughout much of that history, Egypt's prosperity depended on its ability to benefit from the annual flooding of the Nile River as it deposited fertile soil from other countries onto the Egyptian shore. Egypt's system of levees designed to control the Nile has been traced as far back as 3,000 b.c.e. In the capital city of Cairo, the Nile broadens to meet the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt's importance to the global transportation sector was renewed in 1869 with the completion of the Suez Canal, linking the Indian Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea. The importance of the canal led Britain to seize control of Egypt in 1882, ...

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