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Domestication is the taming of animals and the cultivation of plants for human use. Some plants and animals have been domesticated for food; others for their utility as work animals or products such as sources of leather, and others for their aesthetic or entertainment value. The process of domestication began with Paleolithic humans, who domesticated the dog for guarding, hunting, working, and for food. Other animals domesticated early on were pigs, sheep, goats, and cattle. Archeological evidence from grave goods, paleoglyphs, or other evidence shows that even beekeeping had been domesticated before the Bronze Age.

By 2,000 years ago, wild horses, donkeys, cattle, oxen, and camels had been tamed and were being used for human needs. Domestication included not only the taming of wild animals, but ...

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