Chlorinated Hydrocarbons

Chlorinated hydrocarbons are organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine. They are also called chlorocarbons, chlorinated organics, chlorinated insecticides, chlorinated synthetics, and organochlorides. There are thousands of chlorinated hydrocarbon compounds. Some occur naturally, and some are toxic to humans or to the environment. Chlorinated hydrocarbons are formed by the replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms with one or more chlorine molecules. Some chlorinated hydrocarbons are part of a class of chemical compounds called alkyl halides, in which a bromine, chlorine, fluorine, or iodine atom has been substituted for a hydrogen atom. Many chlorinated hydrocarbons have industrial, agricultural, and commercial uses. The simplest chlorinated hydrocarbons are chlorinated forms of methane or ethane. Tetrachloromethane (CCl4), commonly known as carbon tetrachloride, is a colorless, volatile, and nonflammable ...

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