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Wolves (CANIS LUPUS) are mammals of the order Carnivora and belong to the same family (Canidae) of carnivores as coyotes, doges, foxes and jackals. They are digitigrades like other Canidae family members. Wolves are social animals that live in packs with a dominance hierarchy. The members of the pack include wolf pups, several nonbreeding adults, the dominant male (alpha) and his mate(fae). They mate in January and usually have five or six pups about six weeks later. The pups are fed by the pack until they become young adults.

Wolves are keystone predators. What they leave behind feeds other animals such as scavengers. They also keep the populations of ungulates such as bison, caribou, Dall sheep, elk, moose, mountain goats, and musk-oxen at healthy levels. However, ...

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