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The united nations educational, scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is an agency of the United Nations (UN). It was created in 1945 to promote world peace by focusing on culture and communication, education, natural sciences, and social and human sciences in order to further universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and the human rights and fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter. UNESCO aims to create the conditions for genuine dialogue based upon respect for shared values and the dignity of each civilization and culture.

UNESCO's principal decision-making body is the General Conference, which is composed of representatives of the 191 member states (UNESCO also has six associate members). The General Conference elects the members of the executive board and appoints the director-general. The ...

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