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Braudel, Fernand (1902–85)

French historian fernand braudel taught in Algeria and Brazil, and from 1937 at the École Practique d'Hautes Études of Paris. In 1947 he entered as faculty in the College de France and became one of the most relevant figures of the socalled French Annales School of History, named for the journal Annales d'Histoire Économique et Sociale, continuing the tradition pioneered by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre, who together founded the journal in 1929.

Braudel's most important work is The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (first published in French in 1949 and considerably expanded in the second edition of 1966). The Mediterranean (written while Braudel was in a German prisoner-of-war camp) offers an innovative view of history articulated in three movements, ...

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