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Bosnia and Herzegovina

In 1992, bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence when the former Federation of Yugoslavia broke up into smaller nations. The move was followed by an extended period of ethnic conflicts among the new countries. Peace efforts in 1994 led to the creation of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. With a total land area of 51,129 square kilometers, Bosnia and Herzegovina supports a population of 4,025,476 people.

Most areas experience hot summers and cold winters; but in higher elevations, the summers are short and cool while the winters are severe. Rain is frequent along the 20 kilometers of Adriatic coastline. The most common environmental problems include air pollution from the numerous metallurgical plants, a shortage of urban waste disposal sites, deforestation through illegal logging, water shortages, and ...

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