Spain is a european state located in the Iberian peninsula in southwestern Europe. Its territory includes the Balearic Islands, in the Mediterranean, and the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic ocean. The total land area is 194,208 square miles (503,000 square kilometers), and in 2006, the estimated population was 44.3 million with an increasing proportion of African, Asian, and Latin American immigrants.

Most of the country consists of a high plateau descending westward and surrounded by several mountain chains in the north, the east, and the south. Two large depressions occupied by the Ebro river in the north and by the Guadalquivir river in the south, and two peripheral high mountain chains (the Pyrenees in the north and the Baetic Sierras in the south, both with peaks ...

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