The history of bolivia has been one of resource extraction by outside powers, revolution, and countercoups. As a result of persistent instability and exploitation, the nation is one of the poorest and least developed in Latin America. Some 64 percent of the 8,857,870 live in poverty. Life expectancy (65.5 years) is low and the fertility rate is high (2.94 children per woman). With a per capita income of $2,700, Bolivia is ranked 164th of 232 nations in world incomes. The United Nations Development Project (UNDP) Human Development Reports rank Bolivia 113th of 232 countries on general quality-of-life issues. Although Bolivia is rich in natural resources, including tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, and hydropower, the benefits of resource development ...

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