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Egypt, an Arab state located in the northeastern corner of Africa, serves as the bridge between the African continent and the Middle East. Egypt’s population of 76.9 million makes it the most populous Arab state. Sunni Islam is the predominant religion, although the country also contains a sizeable Coptic Christian minority (9%). The capital city of Cairo is located on the banks of the Nile River. Egypt’s arable land, less than 3% of the total area, is concentrated on the banks of the Nile and in the Delta region on the Mediterranean coast. The Suez Canal, nationalized in 1956, is a key economic and strategic resource. Egypt’s economy also draws on revenues from tourism and the export of oil and natural gas, as well as ...

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