Canada covers nearly 4 million square miles and has almost 35 million inhabitants. It shares a long land border with the United States and a maritime border with Russia. Historically, besides its Native Americans Canada is composed of descendants of French and British immigrants, although an influx of immigrants from other parts of Europe, Asia, and Latin America since World War II has made the nation more ethnically diverse. Economically, Canada has a diversified industrial economy with significant wealth produced from petroleum exports, forest products, and wheat. Canada and the United States are major trading partners.

Canada has been a strong supporter of the United Nations and other multilateral institutions, including the World Bank, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization of American States, and the British ...

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