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Australia is a nation of 21,263,000 people located in the southwestern Pacific region and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and a pivotal ally of the United States in both regional and international affairs. Australian military and foreign policy in the 20th century has been intimately tied to its relationship with both Great Britain and the United States. This entry describes the government and political parties of Australia and discusses Australian military forces, alliances, and policies and the historical development of Australian military and foreign policy.

Government, Politics, and Foreign Policy

Australia’s government blends elements of the British parliamentary system with the American federal division of powers between states and the central government. The formal head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, whose personal representative ...

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