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Somalia is virtually synonymous with the Horn of Africa—the protruding landmass that juts out from northeast Africa into the Indian Ocean. Unlike other Horn of Africa states, the whole country falls within this geographically prominent region. Measuring about 637,657 square kilometers, the republic was curved out of the huge Somali-inhabited territory in East Africa, which measures up to 1 million square kilometers. In its north-south axis, it stretches from the border of Djibouti to Kenya; and in the east-west axis, it expands from the shores of the Indian Ocean to the Ethiopian border. Though mostly flat and semiarid, the country has a wide-ranging landscape with diverse ecology, that is, mountains, plateaus, valleys, and coastal plains that, if properly managed, are sufficient to sustain native vegetation ...

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