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Reserve, Army

The Army Reserve is a component of the U.S. Army, along with the Regular Army and the Army National Guard. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard constitute the reserve components of the army. The differences between the two reserve components are slight, mainly in that members of the Army National Guard have an additional liability for service under state authorities, whereas members of the Army Reserve do not. Also, the Army National Guard has more combat arms units—infantry, armor, and special forces— whereas the Army Reserve contains almost entirely combat support and combat service support units. This entry discusses the organization, history, and roles of the Army Reserve.

Members of the Army Reserve serve in one of several statuses, the largest of which ...

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