Red Cross, International Committee of

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an international humanitarian agency located in Geneva, Switzerland. The ICRC has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize three times, in 1917, 1944, and 1963. Its current president is Peter Maurer, and it is governed by four bodies— an Assembly, an Assembly Council, a six-member Directorate (headed by Yves Daccord, who serves as Director General), and the presidency. The ICRC is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, which itself contains the International Federation of the individual national branches of those organizations. While specific national organizations tend to deal with disaster relief efforts in their home countries, the ICRC is involved internationally in civilian and prisoner-of-war (POW) relief during times of war or unrest, ...

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