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Bullying, Definition and Laws of

  • By: Anthony J. Roberto
  • In: Encyclopedia of Media Violence
  • Edited by: Matthew S. Eastin
  • Subject:Mass Communication, Aggression & Violence, Violence & Society

According to Dan Olweus, one of the foremost experts on bullying and lead designer of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, bullying occurs when someone repeatedly and purposely says or does mean or hurtful things to another person who has a hard time defending himself or herself. According to this definition, there are four key components to bullying.

First, bullying includes direct and indirect verbal, physical, and emotional abuse. Direct bullying consists of inflicting physical or psychological harm on another person. These are the types of things most people traditionally think of when they hear the word bullying. For example, direct verbal aggression includes actions like making fun of someone, calling someone names, or threatening a person, and direct physical aggression consists of actions like hitting, kicking, ...

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