There is no consensus on a precise definition of human state aggression, henceforth referred to as aggression. However, aggression may be described by its characteristics. Aggression is immediate and hostile. It is provoked by environmental stimuli and is short lived. It requires the social interaction of at least two individuals. It is intended to harm one or more persons who find the harmful act aversive and are thus motivated to avoid it. Some theorists consider harm to oneself or destruction to one’s possessions as forms of aggressive behavior. Aggression can also be verbal and/or physical (violence). Verbal aggression is used to humiliate, reject, or threaten another person. Physical aggression focuses on personal injury or damage to property. Other researchers make a distinction between direct and ...

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