Sports, Violence and Aggression in

Sporting events are both widely available and highly popular contributors to the incidence of violence and aggression in media content. This entry reviews social science research for definitions and prevalence of sports violence and aggression in the media, their relationship to sports media consumption, and their effects on the audience.

Definitions of Sports Media Violence

Sports are defined here as activities labeled as sport by media organizations, including basketball, baseball, golf, tennis, motor sports, and Olympic sports. High-contact sports, including football (American and Australian), hockey, wrestling, boxing, rugby, and soccer, have been singled out in scholarly research on sports media violence. Sports media violence is included in media coverage of sporting events but excludes entertainment content featuring sports stories, such as sports-themed television shows, because the latter ...

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