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Cyberbullying, Definition and Effects of

  • By: Robin M. Kowalski
  • In: Encyclopedia of Media Violence
  • Edited by: Matthew S. Eastin
  • Subject:Mass Communication, Aggression & Violence, Violence & Society

When most people think of bullying, they conjure up images of two or more young people on the school playground verbally and/or physically harassing one another. Although this traditional form of bullying remains, recent years have witnessed another form of bullying known as cyberbullying. As discussed in this entry, although cyberbullying shares a number of features with traditional bullying, the two types of bullying differ from each other in critical ways. This entry defines cyberbullying, including an examination of factors that have impeded the development of a clear conceptualization of cyberbullying. Following this is an examination of the effects of cyberbullying for both victims and perpetrators.

Defining Cyberbullying

Although precise definitions of cyberbullying vary across studies, cyberbullying is generally defined as aggression that is intentionally and ...

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