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Zimbabwe

  • By: Do Kyun Kim & Mandi Chikombero
  • In: Encyclopedia of Health Communication
  • Edited by: Teresa L. Thompson
  • Subject:Public Health Education & Health Promotion, Health Psychology, Health Communication

Zimbabwe is located in southeastern Africa, sharing borders with Botswana to the west, Zambia to the north, Mozambique to the east, and South Africa to the south. The capital city is Harare. Although there are many different ethnic groups in the country, Ndebele and Shona are two dominant ethnic groups that embrace other smaller ethnic groups, based on their languages and traditions. The United Kingdom (UK) governed Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) from 1923 to 1980, when the UK granted the nation its independence. However, Zimbabwe's independence movements had been vitalized much earlier, including its unilateral declaration of independence in November 1965. Influenced by Western countries, Zimbabwe's major religion is now Christianity, along with syncretic regions that are a combination of Christian and indigenous religions.

Politically, Zimbabwe has ...

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