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Tuberculosis

  • By: Hye-Jin Paek
  • In: Encyclopedia of Health Communication
  • Edited by: Teresa L. Thompson
  • Subject:Public Health Education & Health Promotion, Health Psychology, Health Communication

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious airborne disease caused by bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). In most cases, TB affects the lungs (pulmonary TB), but it can also affect other parts of the body such as the brain, kidneys, or spine. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2011 over 8.7 million new cases of TB were recorded worldwide and about 1.4 million people died from TB. While the number of people who have TB has slowly declined over the years, it ranks second only to HIV/AIDS as the biggest killer worldwide. Because of its fatal and infectious nature, TB is a serious health concern that requires effective communication to inform and educate people about what it is, what causes it, and how it should ...

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