Medications are a major form of medical therapy for a large variety of diseases and illnesses. Medication prescription is the most common type of decision physicians make during primary care visits. Like other forms of medical treatments, medications are effective only when used and used properly by the patient. Patients' failure to take medication as prescribed (e.g., not filling a prescription, not taking prescribed medication, taking erroneous dosage)—also referred to as medication nonadherence—has been widely recognized as a prevalent and serious problem, especially among patients with chronic conditions such as hypertension and diabetes. Among the various factors that may influence patient adherence to medications, communication between physicians and patients surrounding medication prescribing has been identified as having an especially important influence on patients' adherence to ...

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