Organ donation involves the procurement of organs from one person in order to transplant them into another person with a chronic or terminal disease. Organs that can be donated include kidneys, lungs, liver (which can be divided for two separate transplants), intestinal organs, pancreas, and heart. Currently, about 115,000 people in the United States are waiting for a life-saving transplant.

Organ donation is distinct from other types of donation, such as blood and bone marrow donation, because of the unique sets of barriers involved with obtaining consent or participation for each type of donation. Organ donation is also distinct from tissue donation, which involves the procurement of bone, skin, ligaments, tendons, blood vessels, heart valves, eyes, and/or corneas in order to enhance the lives of recipients. ...

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